Description of the six new measures adopted to tackle the root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in the Sahel region and Lake Chad Basin
The European Commission Monday announced the introduction of 6 new measures in the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin, worth over EUR 146 million in total. Adopted under the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa following the Valletta Summit, these measures will help improve stability in the region and tackle the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement.
The European Commission Monday announced the introduction of 6 new measures in the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin, worth over EUR 146 million in total. Adopted under the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa following the Valletta Summit, these measures will help improve stability in the region and tackle the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement. Altogether 30 schemes have been launched in the region since January 2016, for a total of over EUR 382 million.
Outline of the measures adopted
At regional level
The measures at regional level aim to provide a coherent response to the needs of the countries in the region in terms of migration management, combating trafficking and improving the identification of persons, while facilitating returns and reintegration.
- Rapid Action Groups – Monitoring and Intervention in the Sahel (GAR-SI SAHEL) (EUR 41.6 million) The overall goal is to help boost the national authorities’ operational capacity to control their territory effectively and to extend the rule of law across the entire Sahel region by creating robust, flexible, mobile, multi-disciplinary, self-sufficient police units able to exercise proper control on the ground.
At national level
In Burkina Faso, one programme (EUR 25 million) will be implemented to support integrated border management.
- Support programme for integrated border management in Burkina Faso (PAGIF-BF) The programme is to underpin implementation of the ‘Support Programme for Integrated Border Management (PAGIF)’ together with Burkina Faso’s neighbours so as to improve living conditions, security and stability for people in border areas. The aim is to support work to strengthen the institutional framework in Burkina Faso and neighbouring countries for efficient border management, to strengthen links and interoperability between the agencies involved in securing borders in Burkina Faso in coordination with neighbouring countries, and to increase the presence of the State in the cross-border areas.
In Mali, one project (EUR 29 million) will be carried out, its aim being to strengthen security in the Mopti and Gao regions and to improve the management of border areas so as to prevent irregular migration, smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human beings.
- Programme of support for enhanced security in the Mopti and Gao regions and for the management of border areas (PARSEC Mopti-Gao) This programme aims to help strengthen the rule of law in the area through the increased effective presence of security forces operating as part of civilian missions (police, gendarmerie, national guard, Malian Armed Forces (FAMa), customs, civil protection). A special effort will be made to ensure that these Malian forces, their counterparts in the neighbouring countries, and the other parts of the Malian criminal justice system coordinate their activities so as to offer security for the people and better management of cross-border flows, the goal being to rebuild a security net that will foster stability and economic and social development.
In Niger, one measure (EUR 30 million) will contribute to the fight against organised crime, smuggling and human trafficking.
- Support for justice and security in Niger to fight organised crime, smuggling and human trafficking (AJUSEN) This scheme will support the deployment of Nigerien State authorities throughout the country, particularly in the Sahel-Saharan region, to combat organised crime, smuggling and human trafficking.
In Chad, one programme (EUR 10.3 million) will be implemented to help vulnerable young Chadians (with poor schooling or none) integrate better into society and working life and more generally to enhance their skills by structuring the formal integration and training schemes available.
- Support for the social and occupational integration of young Chadians in vulnerable situations The programme’s overall objective is to boost regional stability, addressing the root causes of instability by promoting better economic prospects, greater equality of opportunity, and improved security and development.
In The Gambia, one programme (EUR 11 million) will help to boost the country’s economic development and reduce migratory pressure.
- The Gambia youth empowerment scheme The programme aims to develop the economy, offering job and training opportunities for returnees and people most likely to migrate.