The system of protecting EU businesses against dumped and subsidized imports continued to function well in 2020 thanks to the strong and innovative means at the EU’s disposal to use trade defense instruments, despite the practical difficulties posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. At the end of 2020, the EU had 150 trade defense measures in force, which corresponds to the activity levels of previous years, with an increase in the number of cases brought towards the end of 2020.
The highest number of EU trade defense measures concern imports from China (99 measures), Russia (9 measures), India (7 measures) and the United States (6 measures). In turn, the number of trade defense measures in force by third countries affecting EU exporters has reached its highest level since the start of this surveillance activity by the Commission, with 178 measures in place.
In addition, for the first time, the Commission looked at a new type of subsidy from third countries in the form of cross-border financial support, which was a major challenge for EU companies.